The famous architect Zaha Hadid, died at the end of March, was particularly active in Italy. Besides Rome and Milan, the other projects in the country show a deep interest for nature, the local environment and the creation of a structure both functional and aesthetically coherent with the landscape.
Plan de Corones – Messner Mountain Museum
Opened in 2015 after two years of works, the Messner Museum is the final destination of a six-stop tour on the Dolomites.
The founder of this unique museum experience is Reinhold Messner, one of the most outstanding mountaineers in the world.
The idea generating this project is the interaction with the nature: the visitor enters into the mountain, explores caverns and grottos, before emerging on a side of the mountain, where a terrace spacing 6 meters from the mount side gives a 240° view on the landscape.
The building, dedicated to the discipline of mountaineering, is at 2275m on the sea level and occupies an area of 1.000 m2.
Built on the top of the mountain, where ice, rock and weather were the main enemies of engineers and architects, this project has seen the investment of more than € 3 million.
Jesolo (Venice) – Jesolo Magica
During the Biennale Art Exhibition in 2009, it has been announced the launch of the Jesolo Magica project, aiming to create a multifunctional district near Venice.
Zaha Hadid imagined a building reminding to two flower buds laying on a table, with a central space dedicated to the social activities, while restaurants, spas and boutiques all around.
The project has been approved 7 years ago with an investment of more than € 100 million, but the building site has never been opened.
Milan – Citylife project
In 2005, the ancient Exposition center has been moved outside the city, getting available an area of 366.000 m2 in the heart of Milan, where an investment of € 2.2 billion wants to transform this district.
The winning project was designed by Hadid, Libeskind and Isozaki, aiming to create a mix of private and public spaces for boutiques, offices, apartments, parks and facilities.
Zaha Hadid imagined a part of the residences and one of the three towers.
The residential complex is characterized by sinuous lines and a playful use of concave and convex shapes, where the white and the light brown of the wood underline the fluidity of the building shape.
The materials, the orientation of the apartments and the big park around the site show the attention to the environmental cause and the importance of a pleasant living places.
The tower, nowadays under construction, is thought like a spiral turning on its own axe. The internal space is built through the same fluidity characterizing Hadid’s works, where every floor is different from the others.
Rome – Maxxi: National Museum of 21st Century Arts
For the first Italian museum dedicating 30.000 m2 to the contemporary arts, Madame Hadid has imagined a structure playing with the space.
Inside, lines and walls intersect and separate constantly for generating fluid spaces; outside, the building is integrated with the district through a complex geometric scheme. The sensation of freedom of the structure (costed € 150 million) was a very important feature for the archi-star, who decided to give to the building an L as liberation footprint.
Naples – Afragola High Speed Train Station
Thought as a bridge for connecting the two areas divided by the rails, the project aims to be considered as the center for a new business park touching a wide area around Naples. It has been conceived as a gateway to the city, a well-organized transport interchange from where people can reach and leave the city.
The building, covering 20.000 m2, will become the main passenger hub of the city, in which the trajectories of the travelers generate the shape of the structure.
The project has been approved in 2003 with an investment of € 61 million and it is still under construction.
Salerno – Maritime Terminal
The project, winner of the international competition in 2000, has been imagined as an oyster located in the working harbor and marina of this little city on the Mediterranean sea. Inaugurated in April 2016, it replies to practical and aesthetic functions: this area, connecting the sea and the land, is the place where control duties are carried out from the administration offices to national and international ferries and cruises passengers.
The site, covering an area of 4600 m2 with an investment of € 20 million, is perfectly integrated in the port and in the city landscape.
Reggio Calabria – Regium Waterfront
Located on 22000 m2 on the strait dividing continental Italy from Sicily, the museum and the center for performing arts – the two buildings composing the site – are conceived for being admired both from the sea and the land.
The starfish shape inspires stability and symmetry, while the fluidity of the lines and the spaces allow to generate different areas dedicated to exhibitions, restoration, archives, offices, cinema and library.
€ 49 million have been invested in this project, aiming to define Reggio Calabria as one of the cultural capitals of the Mediterranean area.
Cagliari – Nuragic and Contemporary Art Museum
As for the other works, also here Madame Hadid took inspiration from the world of sea.
In this case, the coralline concretions were the perfect example of what she wanted to create: an empty structure with a hard and porous surface.
The continuous research for avoiding corners has brought the architect to imagine an exposition center, as well as a public area projected towards the city of Cagliari.
This project, covering an area of 15.000 m2, has been approved in 2006 but the building site has never been opened. .
The Italian works of Zaha Hadid show a rooted interest for the environment, where the nature is a source of inspiration; moreover, she wanted to make her projects conversing with the place where they are located and playing with the space.
She was able to create unusual shapes and living spaces through a masterly use of fluid lines, because “ There are 360 degrees, so why stick to one?”.